Islamic Values

# About Islam

Equality and Fraternity:
Muslims are aware that all people are equal in front of God. There are no differences based on skin colour, nationality, gender, social status or the like. Only piety counts with God. Muslims refer to one another as “brothers and sisters in faith”. As noted above, God calls people to compete in doing good works. The love for our Creator, the awareness that God sees everything we do, as well as the hope in Paradise spur Muslims on to do good, to be kind, helpful, patient and selfless and not to speak badly nor even to think badly of others. Regarding good behaviour, there are innumerable traditions from the life of the prophet peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, one of his most famous sayings is: "None of you is a believer until he wishes his brother what he wishes for himself."

Islam has emphasized the importance of education. One of the first things God created was the pen, and the first verse of the Quran that He revealed to Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him is "Read in the name of your Lord who created (all that exists)" (Surah 96: Verse 1).

The aim is not only the acquisition of religious knowledge, but also the education in all useful disciplines and fields. It is narrated that the Prophet Muhammad - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - said: "The pursuit of knowledge is a duty for every Muslim."

Respect for women:
The Islamic values also include respect for women. In this context, the covering and the gender segregation are to be seen, which are not supposed to suppress women, but rather protect them like a precious pearl. Most women willingly and willingly cover themselves, and if individual women are forced to do so, this contradicts the Koran, which says: “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower."(Surah 2: Verse 256).

This is to be understood in such a way that Islam is the only correct path, but that no one can be forced to follow this path. It is the same with the headscarf: it is a duty in Islam, but no one should force a woman to fulfill this duty. Because a forced belief is not a true belief.

Rejection of violence:
There is no place in Islam for terrorism and violence. In the Qur'an it says: "(...) if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. (...)". (Surah 5: Verse 32).

Islam is a religion of peace, through submission to God's will, the individual finds peace and strives to live together peacefully with other creatures.

Animals and Environment Protection:
Islamic values also include respect for God's creations and responsible handling of them, i.e., animals and environment protection. Animals are considered living beings with souls who serve God in their own way. Many hadiths show the importance of treating them well. So, it is reported of a man who saw a dog in the desert that was dying of thirst. Thereupon he went down into a well, filled his shoe with water and gave the dog to drink from it. For this he was forgiven of his sins. On the other hand, there is the report of a woman who let her cat starve to death and was punished for it.

Human being is considered to be the governor on earth; it was entrusted to him by God that he might take good care of it. The earth does not belong to human beings and he must not ruthlessly exploit it; rather, he should take care to maintain a natural balance and take into account the needs of all creation. "That We pour forth water in abundance (25). And We split the earth in clefts (26). And We cause therein the grain to grow (27). And grapes and clover plants (i.e., green fodder for the cattle). (28). And olives and date-palms. (29). And gardens, dense with many trees. (30). And fruits and Abba 'herbage, etc.' (31). (To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle (32)". (Surah 80: Verses 25-32).